The Solar Passive House is a sustainable building design approach that utilizes renewable energy, particularly solar power, to enhance energy efficiency and occupant comfort. It optimizes the building’s layout, orientation, and materials to leverage sunlight for heating, cooling, and lighting, reducing reliance on external energy sources. Various solar energy applications, including Photovoltaic Energy for electricity, Solar Thermal Energy for heating, and Concentrated Solar Power for electricity generation, are used.
The key principles include direct, indirect, and isolated gain strategies, optimal solar exposure, window placement, overhangs for shading, and incorporating thermal mass. Insulation, natural ventilation, and air exchange are critical for maintaining comfort. Solar passive houses offer significant energy savings, environmental responsibility, and long-term sustainability. However, challenges include complex collaboration, dependence on climatic analysis, and disparities between urban and rural contexts. Despite challenges, solar passive houses are a promising solution for sustainable living, offering advantages such as energy efficiency, environmental impact reduction, and occupant comfort.